What is the female reproductive organ?


The  female reproductive organ may appear much smaller than other organs in the body, but in fact it is far more intricate. The organ sits between a women's legs. The structure consists of both external and internal parts. Apart from producing newborns and allowing the process of sexual contact, the reproductive organ is also responsible for puberty and growth of the woman.

 Compared with the male reproductive system, the female system may seem much smaller but the number of chemical reactions and changes going on inside is far more puzzling to medics of today.

As you can see, the whole organ is mostly internal except for the vaginal opening. The main structures are the fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina and the follicle or ovary.

The sex cell of the female reproductive system is the egg or scientifically/ medically known as 'ova.'

The female reproductive system is responsible for a numerous of things. The most obvious and vital is of course the ability to produce ovum to allow fertility and subsequently off-springs.

Roles of the parts of the female reproductive system are listed below:


The ovaries are two rounds circular balls like the shape of an almond that sits in the pelvis of a women on opposite sides.  The ovaries are connected together by the fallopian tubes.The ovaries have two major functions. One is to produce ovum and the other is to provide the two major hormones of a women. Oestrogen and progesterone. Each month, during the menstrual cycle, an egg is released from one ovary. The egg travels from the ovary through a fallopian tube to the uterus.The ovaries are the main source of female hormones (estrogen and progesterone). These hormones control the development of female body characteristics, such as the breasts, body shape, and body hair. The ovaries also regulate the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Some diseases involving the ovaries are tumours, inflammations and cysts.


Located at the most lowest part of the cervix, the cervix is made up of rings of strong muscles. It provides support to the uterus and protrudes through the vagina. THe mian function of hte cervix is to allow flow of the menstrual blood from the uterus into the vagina, and direct the sperms into the uterus. The opening of the uterus is very small, it is only 4 cm wide. The main disease of the cervix is cervical cancer although having a loose cervix often results in miscarriages.

Fallopian Tube

The fallopian tube is a bendy flexible tube located at the top of the female reproductive system. A female has two of these connected to the two ovaries before joining each other at the uterus. The fallopian tube is a vital structure of the female reproductive system as it is responsible for delivering the mature ova from the follicle to the uterus to either be fertilized or flushed away through a periods. The ova is propelled through teh fallopian tube through a series of contractions. The surface of the fallopian tube is covered by many bumps and hairs which all assist in moving the ova. Some diseases of the fallopian tube are fallopian cancer (extremely rare) inflammation of surrounding area and overgrowth (benign tumours).


The uterus is located in the centre of a women's reproductive organ. The main role of the uterus is to provide a safe and warm environment for an ova to develop in a baby. The uterus itself is a flexible muscle capable of expanding to more than 20 cm in diameter. The uterus has three openings. One at the bottom and two at the top. The opening at the bottom is the cervix which leads on to the vagina while the other two openings are the ends of the fallopian tubes leading from the follicles. One essential role of the uterus is the ability to have an orgasm, Without the uterus, a woman do not have the ability to have an orgasm. Due to its position, when a baby forms in the uterus, the bag-like structure pushes against the abdomen causing nausea and loss of appetite.


The vagina is the only external structure of the female reproductive system. The main function of the vagina is to allow the insertion of the male penis so that sexual contact can be experienced by both sexes. The stimulation of nerves is what we known as orgasms which is what provides pleasure to the female. The vagina also allow entry for the sperms to swim up to the ova to be fertilized.

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